Category Archives: SPACE

NASA Offers Media Access to Cygnus Cargo Module

module

Media will have the opportunity to view the Orbital ATK Cygnus spacecraft filled with cargo and research for the International Space Station on Friday, Nov.13, at NASA’s Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility (PHSF) at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Photos will be permitted, and representatives from Orbital ATK, United Launch Alliance, and the International Space Station office at Kennedy will be available for interviews at the facility. Media will depart from Kennedy’s Press Site at 1 p.m. EST, returning by 4:30 p.m.

The unpiloted Cygnus will be Orbital ATK’s fourth cargo mission to the space station for NASA’s Commercial Resupply Services contract, and the first flight of the enhanced variant of the Cygnus pressurized cargo module, which will deliver more than 7,000 pounds to the station. Cygnus consists of a pressurized cargo module for crew supplies, scientific experiments and equipment, together with an associated service module providing solar power and propulsion.

The launch is currently targeted for Thursday, Dec. 3 during a 30-minute window that opens at approximately 6 p.m., aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 rocket from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

Full clean room attire will be provided and must be worn during the PHSF tour. Long pants and closed-toe shoes are required. No shorts, skirts or high heels will be permitted. To be consistent with clean room protocol, journalists are asked not to wear perfume, cologne or makeup.

NASA security will verify the integrity of camera equipment and associated items to be taken inside the facility. Prior to entering the high bay, photographers must clean camera equipment under the supervision of contamination control specialists. Alcohol wipes will be provided.

All camera equipment must be self-contained. No portable lights can be permitted. Flash photography will be allowed, but the facility has adequate high pressure sodium lighting (orange cast) for pictures. Wireless microphones will be permitted inside the high bay.

Nonessential equipment such as camera bags or other carrying cases, cellular phones, pencils, food, tobacco, chewing gum, lighters, matches or pocket knives are prohibited inside the clean room.

Media accreditation requests for this event should be submitted online at:

https://media.ksc.nasa.gov

This event is open only to media who are United States citizens. The deadline to apply for accreditation is 4 p.m. on Thursday, Nov. 12. Two forms of unexpired legal, government identification is required to access Kennedy Space Center. One form must include a photo, such as a driver’s license or passport. Badges will be available for pick up at the Kennedy badging office located on State Road 405 east of the Kennedy Visitor Complex. Hours for the Kennedy Badging Office are 6 a.m. to 3 p.m.

Questions about accreditation should be directed to Jennifer Horner at jennifer.p.horner@nasa.gov or by calling 321-867-6598.

For other questions or additional information, contact the Kennedy newsroom at 321-867-2468.

For more information about the Orbital ATK resupply mission, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/orbital

For more information about the International Space Station, its crew and research, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/station

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International Space Station : Two Astronauts steps out in Space

International Space Station : Two Astronauts steps out in Space to Perform Maintenance

iis

Two NASA astronauts stepped out on a spacewalk on Wednesday for upgrades and maintenance at the orbiting International Space Station

NASA astronauts Scott Kelly and Kjell Lindgren switched their spacesuits to battery power at 8:03 a.m. EDT, signifying the start of today’s planned 6-hour, 30-minute spacewalk.

Miami: Two NASA astronauts stepped out on a spacewalk on Wednesday for upgrades and maintenance at the orbiting International Space Station, the US space agency said.

Spaceflight veteran Scott Kelly, who is in the midst of a year-long stint at the ISS, began the first spacewalk of his career at 8:03 AM (1733 IST), according to a live broadcast on NASA television.

His colleague, flight engineer Kjell Lindgren, is also embarking on his first spacewalk, the US space agency said.

Lindgren accidentally turned on his spacesuit’s water switch too early in the process of preparing to float outside the airlock, and NASA experts at mission control in Houston were closely monitoring the cooling system on his spacesuit “just to be sure,” a NASA commentator said.

Their tasks during the six and a half hour spacewalk include installing a thermal cover on a state-of-the-art particle physics detector, known as the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, which has been attached to the space station since 2011.

They also plan to “apply grease to components on the space station’s robotic Canadarm2, and route cables to prepare for new docking ports for US commercial crew spacecraft,” NASA said.

While it is a pioneering spacewalk for both Kelly and Lindgren, it is the 189th in support of space station assembly and maintenance.

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NASA’s Hubble telescope discovers 250 small galaxies!

A team of astronomers has discovered 250 tiny galaxies that existed 600 to 900 million years after the Big Bang. Observations by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have taken advantage of gravitational lensing to reveal the largest sample of the faintest and earliest known galaxies in the Universe.

Some of these galaxies formed just 600 million years after the Big Bang and are fainter than any other galaxy yet uncovered by Hubble. The team has determined, for the first time, with some confidence that these small galaxies were vital to creating the Universe that we see today.

The international team, led by Hakim Atek of the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland, has discovered one of the largest samples of dwarf galaxies yet to be discovered at these epochs. The light from these galaxies took over 12 billion years to reach the telescope, allowing the astronomers to look back in time when the universe was still very young.

Although impressive, the number of galaxies found at this early epoch is not the team’s only remarkable breakthrough, as Johan Richard points out, “The faintest galaxies detected in these Hubble observations are fainter than any other yet uncovered in the deepest Hubble observations.”

The  constellation of Ursa Major (The Great Bear) is home to Messier 101,  the Pinwheel Galaxy. One of the biggest and brightest spiral galaxies in  the night sky, Messier 101 is also the subject of one of Hubble's most  famous images (heic0602). Like the Milky Way, Messier 101 is not alone, with smaller dwarf galaxies in its neighbourhood. NGC  5477, one of these dwarf galaxies in the Messier 101 group, is the  subject of this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Without  obvious structure, but with visible signs of ongoing starbirth, NGC 5477  looks much like an archetypal dwarf irregular galaxy. The bright  nebulae that extend across much of the galaxy are clouds of glowing  hydrogen gas in which new stars are forming. These glow pinkish red in  real life, although the selection of green and infrared filters through  which this image was taken makes them appear almost white. The  observations were taken as part of a project to measure accurate  distances to a range of galaxies within about 30 million light-years  from Earth, by studying the brightness of red giant stars. In  addition to NGC 5477, the image includes numerous galaxies in the  background, including some that are visible right through NGC 5477. This  serves as a reminder that galaxies, far from being solid, opaque  objects, are actually largely made up of the empty space between their  stars. This  image is a combination of exposures taken through green and infrared  filters using Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys. The field of view is  approximately 3.3 by 3.3 arcminutes. 

The constellation of Ursa Major (The Great Bear) is home to Messier 101, the Pinwheel Galaxy. One of the biggest and brightest spiral galaxies in the night sky, Messier 101 is also the subject of one of Hubble’s most famous images (heic0602). Like the Milky Way, Messier 101 is not alone, with smaller dwarf galaxies in its neighbourhood. NGC 5477, one of these dwarf galaxies in the Messier 101 group, is the subject of this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Without obvious structure, but with visible signs of ongoing starbirth, NGC 5477 looks much like an archetypal dwarf irregular galaxy. The bright nebulae that extend across much of the galaxy are clouds of glowing hydrogen gas in which new stars are forming. These glow pinkish red in real life, although the selection of green and infrared filters through which this image was taken makes them appear almost white. The observations were taken as part of a project to measure accurate distances to a range of galaxies within about 30 million light-years from Earth, by studying the brightness of red giant stars. In addition to NGC 5477, the image includes numerous galaxies in the background, including some that are visible right through NGC 5477. This serves as a reminder that galaxies, far from being solid, opaque objects, are actually largely made up of the empty space between their stars. This image is a combination of exposures taken through green and infrared filters using Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys. The field of view is approximately 3.3 by 3.3 arcminutes.

By looking at the light coming from the galaxies, the team discovered that the accumulated light emitted by these galaxies could have played a major role in one of the most mysterious periods of the Universe’s early history — the epoch of reionisation. Reionisation started when the thick fog of hydrogen gas that cloaked the early Universe began to clear. Ultraviolet light was now able to travel over larger distances without being blocked and the Universe became transparent to ultraviolet light.

Lead author Atek explained, “If we took into account only the contributions from bright and massive galaxies, we found that these were insufficient to reionise the Universe. We also needed to add in the contribution of a more abundant population of faint dwarf galaxies.”

These results highlight the impressive possibilities of the Frontier Fields programme with more galaxies, at the even earlier time, likely to be revealed when Hubble peers at three more of these galaxy clusters in the near future.

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NASA’s Kepler spots star ‘cannibalizing’ small planet

In what sounds like a scene from Star Wars, NASA’s Kepler spacecraft has spotted a white dwarf star that appears to be “cannibalizing” a small planet.

nasa planet

Astronomers detailed the finding in an article published Wednesday in the journal Nature. There is “strong evidence” that a rocky object is being ripped apart as it spirals around a distant white dwarf star, according to a statement from NASA. 

The finding could confirm the theory that a white dwarf star may be capable of destroying planets within its solar system, according to NASA.

Researchers used NASA’s Kepler space telescope, which hunts for Earth-like planets in the Milky Way Galaxy, to make the discovery. The telescope monitors the brightness of stars and looks for tiny dips in light patterns that could signify an orbiting planet.

“This is something no human has seen before,” said lead author Andrew Vanderburg of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in a statement. “We’re watching a solar system get destroyed.”

A white dwarf star is created when a “sun-like star reaches the end of its life, and swells into a red giant and sloughs off its outer layers. The hot, Earth-sized core that remains is a white dwarf star,” according to the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

The object in peril is in orbit about 520,000 miles from the “death star,” or twice the distance from the Earth to the Moon, according to Vanderburg.

And while the action is taking place 570 light-years from Earth, the demise of the rocky object could hint at what might happen when the Sun becomes a white dwarf star millions of years from now.

“We now have a ‘smoking gun’ linking white dwarf pollution to the destruction of rocky planets,” Vanderburg said in a statement.

SOURCE:USA TODAY

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Gautam Buddha statue seen on Mars: Other findings from NASA

UFO Sightings Daily has claimed that a giant Buddha statue is present on the Red planet, Mars. The photo has been captured by NASA’s Curiosity rover. In the statue, a face and head turned to its right, with breasts and a plump stomach, shoulders with remarkable detailing can be clearly seen.

It has also been confirmed that there used to have ancient lakes on the surface of the planet some millions of years ago.mars buddha

This is not the first time Curiosity rover has sent such images. In August, the spacecraft sent images of a woman-like figure and a tentacle bearing crab-like creature.

Here is a list of some of the other images that have been captured in the past:

Martian face captured by Viking 1 mission in 1976
On July 25, 1976, Viking 1 captured the image of a pile of rocks that greatly resembled a human face. NASA described it as a “huge rock formation on the surface of Mars which resembled a human head.” However, it was also believed that the face is the leftover of an alien civilisation.

Perfectly formed Pyramids by Curiosity Rover
Perfectly formed pyramids were a convincing evidence that there is extra-terrestrial life on Mars. It was again believed that they are most probably the result of rock formation on its surface.

Creature captured by Curiosity Rover in 2015
NASA had earlier shared a picture of a large tentacle bearing creature which resembled a crab. It was reported that it shows signs that it is alive. The Director of Search for Extra-Terrestrial Life Institute (SETI), Seth Shostak, said that it is a case of Pareidolia when the brain tricks the eyes into seeing familiar shapes and objects.

Trees on Planet Mars in 2010
The photos of trees on Mars was captured by the most powerful camera, HiRISE in the year 2010 which was circling the red planet since 2006. The images appear to show rows of conifers emerging from dunes and hills on the planet’s surface.

Man on Mars
A former NASA employee Jackie confessed in 2014 that while she was downloading telemetry from a Viking Lander, she saw the humans via live feed.

A woman captured by Curiosity rover in 2015
The recent picture which has been taken by Curiosity rover shows that there is a woman standing on top of a cliff, with long hair, wearing a dress and watching the probe. There is a small painting or carving on the nearby stone. There is also a track in between a manhole and a small house like tent.

Apart from water on Mars there are other solid traces of human life that have been found on the planet, all elements essential to life on Earth like carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and phosphorus.

 source :india today
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Charon: NASA Releases High-Resolution Color Photo of Pluto’s Moon

NASA released the first enhanced-color photo of Charon, the largest of Pluto’s five moons, Wednesday. The image provides a detailed, close-up look at the moon

Our New Horizons spacecraft has returned the best color and highest resolution images yet of Pluto’s largest moon, Charon. This moon was thought to be a monotonous, crater-battled world; instead, it’s covered with mountains, canyons, landslides and more! Details:http://go.nasa.gov/1KXuW8e ‪#‎PlutoFlyby‬

 charon